solr 6.4 managed schema to unmanaged schema change in schema.xml | solr migration from 5 to 6 in schema.xml

1. First change the managed schema to schema.xml in /var/solr/data/core??/conf/managed-schema. And copy or edit your desired file to it. You can follow the below link. What it said to remove ManagedIndexSchemaFactory from solrconfig.xml . You might not find the ManagedIndexSchemaFactory to remove. but don’t worry. if it is not there then its ok. And add . you can add this just after dataDir or lib dir.

2. Change the field type if necessary in schema.xml. Check in the log of solr admin. You should also check in the /var/log/apaceh2/error.log

In my case I had to add lots of field like .

3. Restart the solr and try to connect the core from your application. For php I got a 404 because the connection denied. I see the log and found this Indexschema is not mutable. Search the google for “org.apache.solr.common.SolrException: This IndexSchema is not mutable” and found the solutions there.

You need to remove the AddSchemaFieldsUpdateProcessorFactory section from the updateRequestProcessorChain config in your solrconfig.xml and thats it for me. while restarting the solr service my app again connected to the solr 6.4 and start indexing my docs.

Always try to find out what is the problem in you solr admin log, apache log, and in my case my local app log also helped. I was using zend for solarium in php.

Pagination for Laravel 4.1 | Working with Laravel Custom Pagination | Laravel 4.1 Pagination

Working with Laravel 4.1 pagination was not so difficult though the resource in internet is low rather than the Laravel 4.0. Up to day Laravel 4.1 has some inbuilt problem (which they are making correction) had given me some hard time, like with the static function. Anyway I recovered them and lets talk about how we can manage the custom pagination with Laravel 4.1.

We will be using “paginate” method with Eloquent model or the Query Builder. We will be using Laravels “Paginator” class which has a “make” method which allow us to create the custom pagination. Oh, one thing, if you guys are using simple raw mysql queries its the high time that you should change it to a ORM. I will discuss the usefulness of ORM on another post, but, briefly it allows you to change the db frequently, gives you more handle to relational database, gives you more power to accumulate things shortly as they have lots of method to help you out to save your raw coding of sql’s. For example you want to find all the data of the table, and its very simple like $table->;find(), almost every ORM has method like this. Eloquent is one of the easiest ORM I have seen so far. Lets come to the point how we can do it 馃檪

In my case I am giving example of a contact table where all table information should in paginated form. To achieve this we will create a new method in my Contact repository. The code sample is like bellow.

* Getting the contacts as paginated
* Get results by page
* @param int $page
* @param int $limit
* @return StdClass
public function getByPage($page = 1, $limit = 10){
    $results = new StdClass;
    $results->page = $page;
    $results->limit = $limit;
    $results->totalItems = 0;
    $results->items = array();
    $contacts = Contact::skip($limit * ($page - 1))
    $totalCont = Contact::all()->count();
    $results->totalItems = $totalCont;
    $results->items = $contacts->all();  
    return $results;

Now in your controller call the getByPage method and make the pagination. The code should be as follows

* Function to list contacts
* @author Zea
* @version 0.1
* @copyright iVive Labs
* @access pulic
* @param optional pagination-> page, limit
* @return contacts
public function listContact(){
    $page = Input::get('page', 1);
    $limit = Input::get('limit', 10);
    $contact = new Contact;  // correct
    $data = $contact->getByPage($page, $limit);
    $contacts = Paginator::make($data->items, $data->totalItems, $limit);      

    foreach ($contacts->getCollection() as $key => $contact){
        $explode_contact[$key]= array (
            'id' => $contact->id,
            'name' => $contact->name,
            'street' => $contact->street,
            'zipcode' => $contact->zipcode,
            'city' => $contact->city
    $explode_contact['paging'] = (array("page"=>$contacts->getCurrentPage(),"pageSize" =>$contacts->count(), "pageCount"=>ceil($contacts->getTotal()/$contacts->getPerPage()),"total"=>$contacts->getTotal()));
    $explode_contact['success'] = true;
    return json_encode($explode_contact);

I guess it will solve the pagination things with Laravel 4.1

The Paginator class has lots of methods for creating the pagination. Some useful ones are as follows:


There are more methods over there, you can check it by this link.

Create Virtual host in Linux : ubuntu for running any standalone application like angularjs in appache

Suppose you want to make a virtual host on port 8090, you need to create a virtual host. You can do it for appache. The interesting part is you dont need to put your web directory in /var/www. You can point it in anaywhere of you drive. Which might help you to standalone app for an angularjs project. Just follow the steps.

1. Go to site-available directory, it is symlinked to site-enabled. It is located to

cd /etc/apache2/sites-available

2. Create a virtual host, say named “msdrg” and put the following lines over there. You can do it just by nano.


sudo nano msdrg

b. paste the following lines over there, suppose I have my app msdrg in my home directory

<VirtualHost *:80>
        DocumentRoot /home/zea/msdrg
        <Directory /home/zea/msdrg/>
                Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
                AllowOverride All
                Order allow,deny
                allow from all


note that I have named the servername as And I will get by this name in browser

3. save it by ctrl+x and run

sudo a2ensite msdrg

4. Reload you apache

sudo service apaceh2 reload

5. Just one more thing to do which is add the server name in your host which located at etc directory.

sudo nano /etc/hosts

you will find your localhost and other hosts. just add your new servername as host there

thats it, save it by pressing ctrl+x and exit. Go to your browser and type, it will load whatever you have in your msdrg dircetory.

Some Google services/products are unavailable for IPs block: Youtube, google drive or other services/products are sometimes unavailable from different Ip

Youtube, google drive or other services/products are sometimes unavailable from different Ips of isps. Reason is explained bellow is taken from arez afsar from his facebook status.

Youtube is one of the Google Inc. utilities or services. The Youtube website’s IP addresses assigned are the IPs of Google services. To block Youtube, BTRC might have obstructed a percentage of the common IPs of Youtube that are discovered officially or formally, worldwide. A tremendous and huge site like Youtube can have some countless IP addresses to run and send its data to a few million users during that timeframe. It might have mirror sites excessively assigned for every region. When we type the DNS server of your ISP converts the name into an IP address appropriate for the region, country, etc.

Here, BTRC has blocked these range of IPs which are used to fetch the site data from the hosting server – the only IPs that are permanently been used by Youtube. The thing is, as Youtube is currently an services of Google, accordingly, the IPs assigned to youtube are also utilized for other Google services like Gmail, Google Drive and so on. Assuming that you can review, when Youtube was blocked without precedent in our nation, individuals confronted situation loading their Gmail too in light of the fact that BTRC had it blocked inadvertently as the aforementioned IPs might have been utilized for Youtube officially as its a Google service. Notwithstanding, that thing is altered. A few of us off and on again ready to see or open Youtube just when the IP is in the recorded IPs of Google services. This is same for google ads and any other services that you use. In many of my sites who have google adsense, ads, analytics or some other services from google dosent load in my home IP time to time but runs well in my office.

Still some folks see lapse posts and cant watch the videos legitimately. This is for the reason that, blocking a site is not just blocking the IP addresses. There are other filtering methods as well. A straightforward sample could be, filtering with diverse decisive words i.e. a common sensation at NSU, we cannot even find the saying “music” in while gaining entrance to with laptop WIFI as the network administrator of NSU has put the “music” word in the routers’ block channels.

So now and then regardless of the possibility that the site burdens you can and at times you cannot view videos on Youtube. There are numerous different demonstrations also.

Cheerful Browsing…. 馃榾

Facebook Graph Search Beta

Facebook Graph Search is another way of system for you to find friends, places, photographs and engages that are for the most part significant to you. Graph Search encourages you to find alternates quickly, 聽make connections, explore photos, quickly find places like local attractions and restaurants, and learn about common interests like music, movies, books and more. 聽All results are unique based on the strength of relationships and connections.With Graph Search, you can search for individuals, photographs, places and interests. Type your search聽into the blue bar at the top of the page. As you begin to sort, prescriptions show up in a drop down. You can refine your search utilizing the tools on the right-hand side of the page.

Some example for Facebook Graph Search:

路 People who like tennis and live adjacent
路 Photos before 1990
路 Photos of my companions in New York
路 Sushi restaurants in Palo Alto my companions have loved
路 Tourist magnetisms in Italy went to by my associates

Screenshot PeopleWhoLikeThingsILike Facebook Graph Search Beta

Facebook Graph Search is in a restricted snapshot, or beta. That means Graph Search could just be accessible to an extremely modest number of friends who utilize Facebook as a part of US English.You can join the waitlist at No. Diagram Search accompanies your flow protection settings. You can just scan for substance that has been shared to you. To control tags, photographs or posts with areas about you that show up in inquiry, head off to your Activity Log.

Facebook’s mission is to make the planet more open and joined. The essential way we do this is by giving people the tools to guide out their associations with the people and things they want to think about. We call this guide the graph. It’s colossal and un-varyingly unfolding with revamped people, content and connections. There are presently more than a billion people, more than 240 billion photos and more than a trillion connections.

Today we鈥檙e proclaiming another course to go these connections and make them more of service. We鈥檙e calling it Graph Search, and it begins today with a restrained preview, or beta.

At the point that Facebook first started, the prevailing way most people utilized the locale was to search around, study about people and make revamped connections. Graph Search takes us back to our roots and permits people to utilize the graph to make revamped connections.

Graph Search will show up as a more gigantic search bar at the top of every page. At the point that you search for something, that search not just figures out the set of effects you get, and yet serves as a title for the page. You can alter the title 鈥 and in doing so make your particular convention perspective of the substance you and your friends have imparted on Facebook.

Graph Search and network search are exceptionally diverse. Net search is composed to take a set of decisive words for instance: 鈥渉ip jump鈥) and give the best conceivable comes about that match the previously mentioned pivotal words. With Graph Search you join together statements for instance: “my friends in New York who like Jay-Z”) to get that set of people, places, photos or other substance that is been imparted on Facebook. We accept they have extremely distinctive employments.

A different huge distinction from net search is that each bit of substance on Facebook has its particular gathering of people, and most substance isn’t popular. We鈥檝e manufactured Graph Search from the begin in view of protection, and it regards the security and gathering of people of every bit of substance on Facebook. It makes finding unique things much more straightforward, yet you can just see what you might as of now see somewhere else on Facebook.

We’re exceptionally promptly in the infrastructure of Graph Search. It’s sole ready in English today and you can search for just a subset of substance on Facebook. Posts and Open Graph movements for instance, tune listens are not yet ready. We鈥檒l be taking on these things over the impending months.

The primary variant of Graph Search centers on four fundamental zones –people, photos, places, and interests.

    • People: 鈥渇riends who exist in my city,鈥 鈥減eople from my hometown who like iVivelabs,鈥 鈥渇riends of friends who have been to Yosemite National Park,鈥 鈥減rogramming designers who exist in San Francisco and like skiing,” “people who like things I like,” “people who like tennis and live close-by”


    • Photos: 鈥淧hotos I like,鈥 鈥減hotos of my family,鈥 鈥減hotos of my friends before 1999,鈥 “photos of my friends taken in New York,” 鈥減hotos of the Eiffel Tower鈥


    • Places: 鈥渞estaurants in San Francisco,鈥 鈥渦rban areas went by my family,鈥 “Indian restaurants liked by my friends from India,” 鈥渧acation spots in Italy went by my friends,鈥 鈥渞estaurants in New York liked by lead cooks,” “nations my friends have gone to”


    • Interests:聽“Gadgets聽products聽like by close friends”, 鈥渕usic my friends like,鈥 鈥渕otion pictures liked by people who like films I like,鈥 “dialects my friends articulate,” 鈥渕ethod amusements played by friends of my friends,鈥 “motion pictures liked by people who are picture heads,” “books peruse by CEOs”


  • Videos: “video of 聽attraction聽and landmark in New聽York”

The Graph Search beta begins today. Head off to to get on the waitlist.

The roll out is setting off to be abate so we can see how people use Graph Search and make upgrades.

Additional Media Resources:
To learn more about How Graph Search work, go to
To learn about Graph Search and privacy, go to
To learn more on how Graph Search was built, click here.
To download a behind the scenes video, click here.
For a collection of screen shots, click here.
For how Graph Search can help people discover your business, visit Facebook Studio.

MPTT — Managing Hierarchical Data in Mysql

For a hierarchical table which has depth more than 3 is a tough one to fetch data and show it. And for a bigger table its near to impossible to fetch. It will give you time out. Even if you manage the time the application will be slower. Let me give an example. Suppose you have a region table which have got 4 level of depth and has data about only 100 rows. The levels are State, City, Town, Area. So to show it hierarchically you will have to loop all the data, for this case it will 4 loops which is 100*100*100*100 = 100000000, you might lesser it a bit by some breaks but still it is a n^3 times algorithm which will slow your system definitely and crash your system eventually.

So there is a technique which is called MPTT — modified preordered tree traversal algorithm for multiple depth search or to search hierarchical data. Its a very simple technique where the table in our case the region table is ordered accordingly and serve before the fetch. This technique reminds me the concept of set while I was in grade 8.

 MPTT    Managing Hierarchical Data in Mysql

From the above image you can see

New York State has the range from 1 – 8
New York City has the range from 2 – 7
Manhattan has the range from 3 – 6
Midtown has the range from 4 – 5

Similarly if you have more city or town you need to add them up and whole range would be larger then, for instance if you add two other city Long Island and Columbia then the range should be

New York State has the range from 1 – 12
New York City has the range from 2 – 7
Manhattan has the range from 3 – 6
Midtown has the range from 4 – 5
Long Island has the range from 8 – 9
Columbia has the range from 10 – 11

And you have to make the data base like this. Here we will use the left and right column for the range. Like for new york city the left column should be 2 and the right is 7. Every other rows should have the same thing. Now as I have used symfony2 with doctrine 2.2 with dql I will show how you can generate the full tree

 public function crossJoin(){

 $q = $this->_em->createQuery("
SELECT, node.regionId, node.regionName
FROM ViveZeaBundle:RegionRedefines AS node,
ViveZeaBundle:RegionRedefines AS parent
WHERE node.lft BETWEEN parent.lft AND parent.rgt
GROUP BY node.regionId
ORDER BY node.lft聽 ");
return $q->getResult();


Now in my controller I call it and I have used jquery tree to show it.

$tree = $em->getRepository("ViveZeaBundle:RegionRedefines")->crossJoin();
$result = '';
foreach ($tree as $node) {
foreach($tree as $traceTree){
if($traceTree['hierarchyId'] == $node['regionId']){
$node_depth = $node['depth'];
$node_name = $node['regionName'];
if ($node_depth == $current_depth) {
if ($counter > 0)
$result .= '';

elseif ($node_depth > $current_depth) {
$result .= ”, $current_depth – $node_depth) . ”;
$current_depth = $current_depth – ($current_depth – $node_depth);

$result .= ‘<li ‘; if($trace_last_node!=””){ if($catName!=””) $tit = $catName.”-in-“.$node[‘regionName’]; else $tit = $node[‘regionName’]; 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽 聽$tit = preg_replace(“/[^a-zA-Z0-9\/ _-]/”, ”, $tit); $tit = str_replace(‘ ‘,’-‘, ucwords($tit)); $tit = str_replace(‘–‘,’-‘,$tit); $result .= ‘class = “expandable”‘;

$result .=$basePath.’/’.$tit.’/’.$categoryId.’/’.$node[‘regionId’].’/0/ $node_name . ”;

$tit = $catName.”-in-“.$node[‘regionName’];
$tit = $node[‘regionName’];
$result .=$basePath.’/’.$tit.’/’.$categoryId.’/’.$node[‘regionId’].’/0/ $node_name . ”;
$temp = ” . $node_name . ‘ ‘;
$result .= str_repeat(”, $node_depth) . ”;
$result .= ”;

Now just return the result.

Install / setup Symfony 2 windows xp windows 7 windows 8

Symfony 2 install / setup for window xp, windows 7 or windows 8 is lot easier than installing the symfony 1.* especially 1.4 version. Follow the steps how to install or setup it.

Step 1. Go to聽聽and download symfony 2.* version and unpack it. I used 7zip聽to unpack it. In my case I had to extract twice the file and got a folder named Symfony. Which I copied to my htdocs folder. in my case it is d:/xampp/htdocs

Step 2.聽Install聽Composer. I did it by the command

php -r "eval('?&gt;'.file_get_contents(''));"
for this you need to go to your command prompt and if the php environmental variable is not set then you have go to the php聽directory聽and run the above command. In my case it is d:/xampp/php. You might get error for 'https' if it arises just type the following command in commandprompt
<code>php -r "eval('?&gt;'.file_get_contents(''));"

Step 3. Its almost done the installing part. just for checking run php


for my case it is

D:\xampp\php&gt;php d:/xampp/htdocs/Symfony/app/check.php

. There might be some warnings but you can correct them later.

WordPress having .htaccess permalink problem – page shows 404

I got a serious problem while changing pemalink style in admin settings of wordpress site. It was showing 404 for every posts/pages accept the home page. I really dont know what would be the solution. My dear fellow colouge Russel Vai helped me to solve this problem. The problem was with the .htaccess file in base path. So if this problem arrise first check the base path in .htaccess file. Though we figured it out later. We did some other process earlier and got it right. We first took a backup of the .htaccess file and deleted it from the server with ftp. Then we set the permalink in default mode and changed to it to my desired custom mood later. And it returns the posts/page which shows 404 to actual content. What it did actually it regenarate the .htaccess file automatically while changing the permalinks type in admin panel.

Ruby – Problem while scaffold – routes.rb needs to have the action name

I got a serious problem when scaffold in ruby and couldn’t get the route working with different action rather than auto generated actions. I had controller name search and action zea. It was working fine while I hit it. But while create an action named nokogiri, it wasnt working. I searched it to google and stackoverflow with ruby – problem with routes.rb in scaffold and got some results. It suggested to add a line in routes.rb

get "searches/nokogiri"

But it wasnt working simply because of the serialized sequence of the line of code for custom action. it was previously

resources :searches
  get "searches/nokogiri"

But it should be

get "searches/nokogiri"
resources :searches

get should be before resources, It is working fine right now.

Ruby on Rails common Command / Instruction

Following are some common command / instruction that I have been using last 15 days as new ruby on rails developer.

1. To check Ruby Version

ruby -v

2. To create new rails project

rails new projectName

3. To start rails server

rails server


rails s

4. To generate model or controller

rails generate controller controllerName
rails generate model modelName

you can see the 聽what generate can do by the command

rails generate

. it will show like this


5. To create db or migrate db

rake db:create
rake db:migrate

6. You can also generate migration

rails generate migration migrationName

7. To go to db version or migrate to a version

rake db:migrate VERSION=version_number

8.Run server on different port

rails server -e development -p 3001